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GARDASIL®

Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Recombinant Vaccine


Your questions answered

As a parent, your son’s/daughter’s health is one of your top concerns. So it’s no surprise that you may have a few more questions you want answered about GARDASIL® and HPV. Here are some answers to questions we’ve heard from parents just like you.

Also talk to your son’s/daughter’s healthcare professional for more information about GARDASIL® and HPV. In addition, information about GARDASIL® is provided in the Consumer Information. To retrieve this information you will be re-directed to a page within our main Merck Website, which contains the Consumer Information.

Click here to go to the Gardasil® Consumer Information.

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Merck does not review or control the content of any non-Merck site. Merck does not endorse and is not responsible for the accuracy, content, practices, or standards of any non-Merck site.
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Will my daughter still need to get Pap tests in the future?

Yes. Pap tests (cervical cancer screenings) will play a key role in protecting your daughter’s health as she gets older since GARDASIL® does not protect against all types of HPV, and not all abnormal Pap test results are caused by HPV infections. Pap tests are proven to help save lives by looking for abnormal cells in the lining of the cervix before they have the chance to become precancers or cancer.

Your daughter’s healthcare professional can tell you when your daughter’s first Pap test should be. In the meantime, it’s never too early to teach your daughter good healthcare habits.

For more information about GARDASIL® and HPV, talk to your daughter’s healthcare professional.

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Why do I need to vaccinate my son/daughter now if he/she is not sexually active?

It may be hard to think about your son/daughter even having to worry about coming into contact with HPV. After all, he/she isn’t sexually active.

But, like other vaccines your son/daughter may have received, GARDASIL® works to help prevent illness. That means GARDASIL® works best when given before there is any contact with HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18. It’s important to help protect your son/daughter now, before he’s/she’s exposed to HPV.

However, if your son or your daughter is older and already sexually active, he or she can still benefit from GARDASIL®.

For more information about GARDASIL® and HPV, talk to your son’s/daughter’s healthcare professional.

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In addition to helping protect against HPV and cervical cancer, what else does GARDASIL® help protect against?

GARDASIL® is a vaccine that helps protect against 4 types of human papillomavirus (HPV): 2 types that cause 70% of cervical cancers in women and 80-90% of HPV-related anal cancers in men and women, and 2 more types that cause 90% of genital warts in men and women.

By vaccinating your daughter with GARDASIL®, you’re helping to protect her against diseases caused by 4 types of HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18:

  • Cervical cancer caused by HPV 16 and 18
  • Vulvar, vaginal and anal cancers caused by HPV 16 and 18
  • Abnormal and precancerous cervical (as found in Pap tests), anal, vulvar and vaginal cells caused by HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18
  • Genital warts caused by HPV 6 and 11

By vaccinating your son with GARDASIL®, you're helping to protect him against:

  • Anal cancer caused by HPV 16 and 18
  • Genital warts caused by HPV 6 and 11
  • Abnormal and precancerous anal lesions caused by HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18

For more information about GARDASIL® and HPV, talk to your son’s/daughter’s healthcare professional.

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What are the side effects of GARDASIL®?

Like all vaccines, GARDASIL® may cause some side effects. GARDASIL® has been shown to be generally well tolerated in adults and children as young as 9 years old.

The most commonly reported side effects included:

  • Pain, swelling, itching, bruising and redness where the shot was given, fever, nausea, dizziness, headache, vomiting and pain in extremity.

If your son/daughter has any unusual or severe symptoms after receiving GARDASIL®, contact his/her healthcare professional right away. For a more complete list of side effects, ask your son's/daughter's healthcare professional.

The safety of the vaccine is something that is being monitored on an ongoing basis.

For more information about GARDASIL® and HPV, talk to your son’s/daughter’s healthcare professional.

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Why should I also help protect my son/daughter against HPV and genital warts?

Men and women have about a 10% risk of developing genital warts in their lifetimes. By getting your son/daughter vaccinated with GARDASIL® you’ll help protect him/her against HPV types 6 and 11, which cause about 90% of genital warts.

Learn everything you can.
Do everything you can.
Talk to your healthcare professional.

For more information about GARDASIL® and HPV, talk to your son’s/daughter’s healthcare professional.

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IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT GARDASIL®

In girls and women ages 9 to 45, GARDASIL® helps prevent infection caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 and the following diseases associated with the HPV types included in the vaccine: cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers caused by HPV types 16 and 18; abnormal and precancerous vaginal and vulvar lesions, abnormal and precancerous cervical lesions as found in Pap tests, caused by types 6, 11, 16 and 18; and genital warts caused by types 6 and 11.

In girls and women ages 9 to 26, GARDASIL® also helps protect against anal cancer caused by HPV types 16 and 18, and abnormal and precancerous anal lesions caused by types 6, 11, 16 and 18.

In boys and men ages 9 to 26, GARDASIL® helps protect against infection caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 and the following diseases associated with the HPV types included in the vaccine: anal cancer caused by HPV types 16 and 18, genital warts caused by types 6 and 11, and abnormal and precancerous anal lesions caused by types 6, 11, 16 and 18.

GARDASIL® helps prevent these diseases, but it does not treat them. And just like all vaccines, GARDASIL® may not fully protect everyone who gets it. GARDASIL® does not protect against all types of HPV. Duration of protection continues to be studied. GARDASIL® does not protect against other sexually transmitted infections.

Even if vaccinated with GARDASIL®, it is still important for women to continue having regular Pap tests. Recipients of GARDASIL® should not discontinue anal cancer screening if it has been recommended by a healthcare provider. Vaccination with GARDASIL® is not recommended during pregnancy.

Like all vaccines, GARDASIL® may cause some side effects. GARDASIL® has been shown to be generally well tolerated in adults and children as young as age 9. The most commonly reported side effects included pain, swelling, itching, bruising and redness where the shot was given, fever, nausea, dizziness, headache, vomiting and pain in extremity.

Fainting has been reported. Fainting can occur after vaccination, most commonly among adolescents and young adults. Although fainting episodes are uncommon, vaccinees should be observed for 15 minutes after they receive GARDASIL®.

Allergic reactions that may include difficulty breathing, wheezing (bronchospasm), hives, and rash have been reported.

These were not all the side effects reported. If you notice any unusual or severe symptoms after receiving GARDASIL®, contact your healthcare professional as soon as possible.

Information about GARDASIL® is provided in the Consumer Information. To retrieve this information you will be re-directed to a page within our main Merck Website, which contains the Consumer Information.

Click here to go to the Gardasil® Consumer Information.

To view PDF documents, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader®

To view PDF documents, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader® By clicking on this link, you will be leaving this site This link will take you to a site outside of Merck Canada Inc.

Merck does not review or control the content of any non-Merck site. Merck does not endorse and is not responsible for the accuracy, content, practices, or standards of any non-Merck site.
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